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All Posts Tagged: Percutaneous Surgeries

Disc hernia: new data in its treatment

In recent years, spinal surgery has made tremendous progressUntil recently, or even at the present time, when a patient learned that they needed back surgery, they experienced great fear and uncertainty. Everyone has a friend, acquaintance or neighbor who, after a back surgery for a herniated disc, suffered for a long time, did not solve their problem, or was in even worse pain. Most of course got better, but not for some time after the operation.

Percutaneous Lumbar Decompression

Today this belief is beginning to change and this is only the beginning. Because the most modern technique of waist restoration has come to Greece: Η Percutaneous Lumbar Decompression. The method has all the advantages of surgical treatment, i.e. anatomical and functional restoration of the problem. However, is not accompanied by the discomfort, post-operative pain and bed rest, like the well-known normal surgery.

More specifically: any patient who suffers from symptoms of spinal stenosis, almost 10% of the population over 50 years of age, or from lumbar herniated disc, which causes severe symptoms of back pain and sciatica (persistent back and leg pain, often in young people), until now had 2 options: The first option was to take a lot of medication, do physiotherapy and miss days of work and activities whenever he had a pain attack, usually 1-3 times a year. The second option was to go into surgery, often with fear and uncertainty about the final outcome.

But now with Percutaneous Lumbar Decompression, the patient has almost complete recovery, without the risks of open surgery, or the discomfort of constant recurrence and medication.

Not a day in bed

With a few hourshospitalization in the hospital, an incision of a few millimeters is made, which is then seen as a scratch on the skin. The patient does not lose blood and the musculoskeletal system is not injured. From this small opening, everything needed to fully decompress the spinal canal and the nerves that are under pressure is done.

In just a few days, the patient returns to full activity. He doesn’t have to stay in bed for a day. The relief of his symptoms is immediate and noticeable. As patients say, “the leg stretches out, becomes stronger and walking becomes more confident”. Post-operative medication is practically non-existent (small dose of paracetamol).

The problem ceases to exist and all patients resume their daily activities without pain. Younger people go back to work quickly. Older people can walk again as much as they want, so they can take care of their work or visit their friends, without thinking that they cannot walk more than 100-200 metres without being stopped by pain.

The most modern surgical method is not out of reach for anyone. Thanks to it, anyone who does manual work or leads a sedentary life and needs to work for a living can work again. without pain. But even if he is older, he doesn’t isolate himself at home, pining away because he can’t bear to walk down the street. The solution now exists, for everyone!

Ν. Marathi
Director of the Neurosurgery Clinic
Athens Euroclinic

Published in boro.gr

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Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery

Neurosurgery techniques have been developed in order for operations to be performed with the least possible risk of body injury. Especially in Neurosurgery, where the object of treatment is the valuable nerve tissue, which if damaged can not be regenerated, the minimally invasive technique is really valuable for patients.

Minimally Invasive Methods utilize technologies such as Robotic Navigation, the Surgical Microscope and Endoscope , as well as a range of advanced surgical tools and equipment, such as the ultrasonic osteotomy. Surgeons who know these techniques are able to provide patients with modern surgical care in Greece, with the exact same quality characteristics as in the most advanced medical countries in the world.

Now even the most inaccessible anatomical areas can be operated on with minimal injury to sensitive nerve structures.

Minimally invasive spine surgery. Fashion or real progress?

In modern surgery, with the help of technology and the accumulation of experience, new methods have been developed, which help surgeons perform operations that in the past were particularly traumatic, with minimal risk of surgical trauma. In most surgical specialties, such as gynecology, urology, general surgery and others, the non-use of endoscopic and minimally invasive techniques for some surgeries tends to be considered bad medical practice (malpractice).

In many cases, all of these methods tend to replace open surgeries.

Minimally invasive spine surgery.

There is clear pressure coming from insurers, both private and public, as well as from the patients themselves for access to medical intervention which, while not lagging behind in terms of effectiveness, will be clearly more economical, and will restore the patients’ help, ensuring a better life overall.

The progress of spine surgery A typical example is spine surgeries, such as spinal fusion. Percutaneous spinal surgeries, for example, significantly reduce patients’ discomfort , pain, risk of complications, and hospitalization time. Even the largest spinal fusion does not mean that the patient is required to stay in bed. Patients with spondylolisthesis, spinal stenosis, lumbar spondylosis, and vertebral fractures after injury can move without pain within a few days and are discharged from the hospital in 2-3 days. The need for blood transfusions during spinal fusion surgeries is practically zero.

The purpose of minimally invasive techniques is to prevent injury of the muscles, blood vessels and nerves that supply them, which are caused by the conventional traditional open surgery technique. Many studies have shown that the traditional open posterior spinal fusion approach can be technically successful since X-rays show good results, but the results in terms of symptoms may be poorer than expected. The main symptoms of “Vertebral disease” are persistent back pain, the decrease in the strength of the back muscles and a feeling of fatigue or a heavy feeling in the back after performing activities. Therefore, if extensive incisions are avoided, this problem can be prevented.

Some patients who suffer from pain in the spine undergo all the necessary clinical and imaging tests (x-rays, magnetic resonance imaging, etc.) but no obvious cause of their pain is found. In order for these patients to be relieved, more specialized diagnostic and at the same time therapeutic mild invasive operations may be needed. For example nerve block, intervertebral disc herniation, joint vein denervation. All these methods are examples of minimally invasive treatments of the spine. Most of them are done using ultrasound and do not require hospitalization.

In the past, these patients would either not receive any invasive treatment and would suffer from consuming large amounts of drugs, with whatever morbidity and increase in medical costs this may cause, or they would undergo open surgery, with questionable end results and high costs.

All open vertebrae can be replaced by percutaneous, with the mere exception of surgeries to repair scoliosis. The time of full functional recovery is dramatically reduced by reducing the cost of health expenses.

Microdiscectomy becomes a matter of day care, while the incision in the skin is only 1.5 cm. The patients do not even have to spend the night in the hospital. Thus,recovery is accelated and they are able to return to their activities.

Kyphoplasty for the repair of vertebral fractures (e.g. from osteoporosis), is also done with daily hospitalization and immediate mobilization and relief of the patient.

Of course, we must be very careful in choosing the right methods. There is a risk that patients who need a normal discectomy (even in a minimally invasive way) to undergo, for example, a percutaneous disc coagulation operation, which will offer them nothing and will not avoid the discectomy. Patients are often seduced by attractive terminology (laser, robotics, bloodless, etc.). Not all cases of slipped disc are the same. Choosing the right method reduces the overall cost and inconvenience of a patient. Therefore, if minimally invasive methods are not used properly, they can harm the patient, delaying proper treatment.

Examples of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

Surgery

Duration of Hospitalization

Blood loss

Postoperative chronic pain

Type of Anesthesia

Duration of Intervention

Kyphoplasty 1 Day 10-15 cc 1-2 days Intoxication 30-60’
Endoscopic Microdiscectomy Daily 20-30 cc 1-2 Days total 60’
Nerve block Not required 0 0 Local 20’
Joint Denervation Not required 0 0 Local / Intoxication 20 ‘
Minimally Invasive Decompression 1 Day 20-40 cc 1-2 days Total 60-80 ‘
Percutaneous Spinal Cord 2-3 days 40-60 cc 2-3 days Total 40 ‘/ level
Average <1 day 25
cc
1-2
days
45 ‘

Comparison with Classical Invasive Methods

Surgery

Duration of Hospitalization

Blood loss

Postoperative Pain

Type of Anesthesia

Duration of the operation

Laminectomy 3-4 days 100-150 cc 7 days total 60-70 ‘
Microdiscectomy 1-2 days 150 cc 2-3 Days total 60′-90 ‘
Trimetectomy 2-3 days 200 cc 2-4 days total 60′-90 ‘
Open Spine 5 days 400-600 cc 7-10 days Total 60 ‘/ level
Average 3 days 250
cc
5, 2 5
days
75 ‘

 

Proper information of our patients contributes significantly to the selection of appropriate treatment. As surgeons, with respect to international clinical experience, we are constantly updating our techniques. Thus we harmonize with the rapidly evolving methods that improve the health of all, reducing the material and ethical costs of invasive treatment.

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