Νευροχειρουργός Νίκος Μαραθεύτης


  Επικοινωνία : 210 5021743

All Posts Tagged: Epidural hematoma

Skull fractures

kranio1

 

Skull fractures occur following a head injury and are diagnosed by a simple skull x-ray. Following that, a cerebral CT scan should always be performed, in order to rule out the coexistence of hematoma under the skull, which can put pressure on the brain and be life-threatening for the patient. If there is no hematoma, surgery is not required unless the fracture has displaced the bone inside the skull, exerting pressing on the brain (depressed cranial fructure). Therefore, the depressed cranial fracgture is restored with surgery, unless it is very small. If the head injury in the fracture area is open, then the fracture is called complicated and it requires surgical treatment to remove any foreign bodies to prevent infection. The patient is hospitalized for a few days in order for the patient’s neurological image to be monitored. In simple fractures, 1-2 days of hospitalization are enough for simple follow-up.

Read More

Epidural hematoma

episkliridio

 

This is a hematoma that forms under the bones of the skull, including the meninges of the brain. These hematomas usually occur following a fracture of the skull bones and are usually due to bleeding of the arteries running between the meninges and the bone, in the fracture area. The diagnosis is made by cerebral CT. It is more common in young people. If not diagnosed and operated on immediately, this can be fatal. The symptoms include severe headache, vomiting, drowsiness, loss of consciousness, neurological deficit (weakness of one side of the body), and after their onset, symptoms usually progress rapidly. If diagnosed early, symptoms are relieved via a simple craniotomy, which has a very good prognosis.

Read More